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Israel Population
 
 
 
 
 

General

The population of Israel in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 6,433,000, which placed it as number 98 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 10% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 28% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 98 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is 2.02%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 7,772,000. The population density in 2002 was 314 per sq km (812 per sq mi).

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 91% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Jerusalem, had a population of 668,000 in that year. Tel Aviv-Jaffa had a metropolitan population of 2,170,000 in 2002. Other large cities are Haifa, 249,800; Holon, 162,800; Bat Yam, 145,300; Petah Tiqwa, 150,800; Beersheba, 134,700; Rishon LeZiyyon, 150,400; and Netanya, 141,800. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000– 2005 was 1.8%.

Israel proper is made up of about 82% Jews, about 16% Arabs, and 2% Druze and others. While the Jewish population as of 1948 consisted mostly of those from central and E Europe (not including Russia), Jews from African and Asian countries came in increasing numbers after 1948 and now constitute a majority of the Jewish population. Around 500,000 Russian Jews have arrived in recent years, as have most of the small population of Ethiopian Jews. The Arab population is primarily Sunni Muslim; a smaller proportion are Christians.

Hebrew is the official language. Arabic is spoken by the Arab minority and English is widely used. Israel has major universities in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Beersheba, and Rehovot, as well as many smaller institutes of higher education located throughout the country.

Overview

Population:
6,426,679
note: includes about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, and fewer than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2007 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.1% (male 858,246/female 818,690)
15-64 years: 64.2% (male 2,076,649/female 2,046,343)
65 years and over: 9.8% (male 269,483/female 357,268) (2007 est.)

Median age:
total: 29.9 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 30.8 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.154% (2007 est.)

Birth rate:
17.71 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate:
6.17 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.015 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.754 male(s)/female
total population: 0.994 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.75 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.45 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)



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