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Israel Transportations
 
 
 
 
 

General

In 2004, there were an estimated 17,446 km of paved highways, including 144 km of expressways. With the building in 1957 of a highway extension from Beersheba to Elat, the Red Sea was linked to the Mediterranean. Trackage of the state-owned railway totaled 853 km, all standard gauge, in 2005. Railways, buses and taxis formerly constituted the principal means of passenger transportation; however, private car ownership nearly tripled during the 1970s. In 2000 there were 1,754,058 motor vehicles, including 1,422,032 private cars and 322,026 trucks, taxis, and buses.

As of 2002, Israel had 18 merchant vessels, with a total capacity of 716,382 GRT. Haifa can berth large passenger liners and has a 10,000-ton floating dock, but Ashdod (south of Tel Aviv) has outstripped Haifa in cargo handled since the early 1980s. Elat (Eilat) is also a seaport with full freight services.

Israel had 53 airports in 2006, 30 with paved runways. Israel Inland Airlines (Arkia) provides domestic service. Israel Airlines (El Al), which was founded shortly after Israel became a nation in 1948 and is almost entirely owned by the government. Ben-Gurion International Airport between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem is the centre of passenger and cargo operations; Israel is building a new Ben-Gurion International Airport Terminal. Another principal airport is J. Hozman at Eilat. In 2001 3,989,500 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.

Overview

Airports:
53 (2006)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 30
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
914 to 1,523 m: 10
under 914 m: 6 (2006)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 23
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 20 (2006)

Heliports:
3 (2006)

Pipelines:
gas 193 km; oil 442 km; refined products 261 km (2006)

Railways:
total: 853 km
standard gauge: 853 km 1.435-m gauge (2005)

Roadways:
total: 17,446 km
paved: 17,446 km (includes 144 km of expressways) (2004)

Merchant marine:
total: 18 ships (1000 GRT or over) 716,382 GRT/845,053 DWT
by type: cargo 2, container 16
registered in other countries: 51 (Bahamas 1, Bermuda 3, Cyprus 3, Honduras 1, Liberia 5, Malta 23, Panama 6, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2, Slovakia 7) (2006)

Ports and terminals:
Ashdod, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa